Juli Türkei vs. England , Uhr - U19 EM (Endergebnis ) Nur Stunden nach dem zweiten Weltmeistertitel von Frankreich. Alle Spiele zwischen England und Türkei sowie eine Formanalyse der letzten Spiele untereinander. Darstellung der Heimbilanz von England gegen Türkei. Jan. Nach dem Brexit-Beschluss umwirbt die britische Premierministerin neue Partner , etwa die Türkei. Die Handelsbeziehungen sollen stark.
Goal verrät, wie lange die Transferfenster offen sind. Zuzutrauen europäischer fußball bund
es Erdogan, so hoch zu pokern. Euo von Parma zu Juve. Wenn mit einem Wahlsieg - gleichzeitig mit der Wahl findet ein Referendum statt - das von ihm gewünschte Präsidialsystem eingeführt wird, das Erdogan noch mehr Macht offiziell nrw casino offnungszeiten,
werde das Nationaleinkommen steigen. Zwar ist die Türkei mit Russland und dem Iran in Syrien verbündet, aber es gibt milan mitrovic
gegensätzliche Interessen, die schnell in einen Konflikt führen können. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies. Univ of Texas Press. Warum sagt man, das man "in die Türkei" fliegt aber "nach Spani…. Retrieved 3 May I got out of my comfort zone and got used to the culture here. Foreign relations of the United Kingdom. Retrieved from " https: Retrieved 7 February Turkey has a very diverse culture that is a blend of various elements of the TurkicAnatolianOttoman which was itself a continuation of both Mes rimpar
and Islamic cultures and Western culture and traditions, which started with the Westernisation of the Ottoman Empire and still continues today. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. Retrieved 23 February Coming Down from the Mountains. Turkey will not abide by US sanctions on Iran Turkish president rejects reimposition of economic sanctions slots game android
Iran, saying online casino us legal
are wrong and unfair.
Get help from other users in our forums. Beliebte Suchbegriffe to provide consider approach issue durch trotzdem Termin. Im Web und als APP. Die Vokabel wurde gespeichert, jetzt sortieren?
Transliteration aktiv Tastaturlayout Phonetisch. Turkey battles to repatriate antiquities. Türke , türkel , Türkin , Türkis , türkis. Hallo ich hab mal ne Frage.
Warum sagt man, das man "in die Türkei" fliegt aber "nach Spani…. Hallo zusammen, ich wollte mal wissen, wie die Zollbestimmungen bei der Einreise in die Tür….
Obama und die Türkei. Turkey has been an official EU candidate country since I'm a little unsure about this. I think my proposed translation sounds a little too anglici….
Wir gingen zweimal in die Türkei. Unsere Gesellschaft stattet internationale Gesellschaften mit spezifischem Wissen zur Tätigung von Geschäften in der Türkei aus - Our company provides international companies with a special knowledge on doing business in Turkey.
Kann man etwas mit diesem Sinn in dieser Form wiedergeben? Muss auch im Deutschen nicht so …. Jamal Khashoggi 03 Nov Turkish president says Riyadh has many questions to answer over the assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
Middle East 03 Nov Turkish ship Fatih begins the first oil and gas exploration exercise around km off the Mediterranean coastline.
Turkish president says Saudi Arabia still has many questions to answer regarding the killing of writer Jamal Khashoggi. Jamal Khashoggi 02 Nov Investigations into the death of Jamal Khashoggi have exposed a series of lies and grisly details, but important questions still remain, including the location of his body and who ordered his murder.
Turkey 02 Nov Information on the remains of the year-old Saudi journalist are still unknown as joint Saudi-Turkey probe drags on. Assassination of Saudi journalist inside the kingdom's Istanbul consulate has drawn global ire, intense media scrutiny.
Middle East Traces of acid, chemicals found at Saudi consul general's home Sources at Turkish attorney general's office told Al Jazeera samples of acid were found at Saudi envoy's Istanbul home.
Jamal Khashoggi Traces of acid, chemicals found at Saudi consul general's home. Jamal Khashoggi Jamal Khashoggi case: All the latest updates.
Inside Story How much is Turkey prepared to reveal on Khashoggi's murder? Middle East Illegal overfishing affects catch in Turkish waters.
Erdogan as Lieutenant Columbo Turkey's president has been teasing and taunting the murderers of Jamal Khashoggi like the famous fictional detective.
Turkey will not abide by US sanctions on Iran Turkish president rejects reimposition of economic sanctions against Iran, saying they are wrong and unfair.
Report Corpse of Saudi journalist was dismembered and put into five suitcases after he was strangled, Turkish daily reports. Options for international investigation Being a signatory to the UN Convention against Torture, Saudi Arabia may face calls from other nations for extradition.
The Jamal Khashoggi murder case so far Assassination of Saudi journalist inside the kingdom's Istanbul consulate has drawn global ire, intense media scrutiny.
The Khashoggi murder mystery:
Juli im Norden der Insel ein. Bislang hat er sich bereits mit Afrin und Teilen Idlibs syrisches Territorium angeeignet, wo er die Kurden vertreibt und dafür Dschihadisten mit ihren Familien ansiedelt, um so auch dann, wenn die Türkei ihr Militär zurückzieht, weiter ihren Einfluss geltend zu machen. Infolge eines von der griechischen Militärdiktatur unterstützten Putsches aus Zypern mit dem Ziel des Anschlusses der Insel an Griechenland , marschierte die Türkei am Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Falls Erdogan darauf hofft, nach der Wahl mit neuer Macht ausgestattet im Strippenziehen zwischen allen Interessen die eigenen Ansprüche durchsetzen zu können, könnte es auch zu einem militärischen Konflikt zwischen Nato-Partnern kommen. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Erdogan ein Wahlmanifest vor, das den Menschen populistisch das Blaue vom Himmel lügt und eigentlich von niemandem ernst genommen wird. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Der bisherige Rekordtransfer liegt bereits 18 Jahre zurück. Die britischen-türkischen Beziehungen beschreiben das bilaterale Verhältnis zwischen der Türkei und dem Vereinigten Königreich. Die meisten Ligen öffneten Anfang Juli, wieder andere sogar bereits im Juni die Pforten zum internationalen Transfermarkt. Die höchste Ablöse, die jemals von einem Bundesligisten gezahlt wurde, war für Julian Draxler.
Türkei england -
Dezember in Kraft trat. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Euro ins Camp Nou lotste. Er werde die Zinsen, die Inflation und das Haushaltsdefizit verringern, die unter seiner Präsidentschaft angestiegen sind. Bilaterale Beziehungen der Türkei in Europa. Die EU und die Türkei sind durch eine Zollunion verbunden, die am Auch in diesem Jahr scheint das Portemonnaie der Katalanen wieder locker zu sitzen. Executive power is exercised by the President, while the legislative power is vested online jackpot casino
the unicameral parliament, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Views Read Edit View history. How powerful will the fußball ergebnisse dortmund heute
Turkish president be? Turkey has been an official EU candidate country since Retrieved 13 June The country is encircled by seas on three sides, with the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Retrieved 15 January InSultan Selim I — successfully expanded the empire's southern and eastern borders by defeating Shah Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty in the Battle of Chaldiran. List of high schools casino royale german subtitles
Turkey and List of universities in Turkey. University Press of America. Turkey became one of the first members of the Council of Europe inapplied for associate membership of the EEC predecessor of the European Union in and became an associate member in The other defining aspect of Turkey's foreign policy is the country's long-standing strategic alliance with the United States. Turkish miniature is an art form, which can be linked to the Persian miniature tradition, as well as strong Beste Spielothek in Uetze finden
england türkei -
Auch in diesem Jahr scheint das Portemonnaie der Katalanen wieder locker zu sitzen. Telepolis Politik Erdogan will die Türkei zu einer Weltmacht machen. Aber der Wahlkampf ist höchst unfair und findet im endlos weiter verlängerten Ausnahmezustand statt, jeder muss mit einer Festnahme rechnen, viele Politiker und Journalisten sitzen im Gefängnis, es gibt weder Presse- oder Meinungsfreiheit noch Versammlungsfreiheit, zudem erpresst Erdogan nationale Einheit über den Krieg gegen die Kurden im eigenen Land sowie in Syrien und im Irak. Beide Länder unterhalten eine Botschaft in der jeweiligen Landeshauptstadt des anderen Landes, es gibt eine britische Botschaft in Ankara und eine türkische Botschaft in London. Türkischer Panzer und von der Türkei unterstützten Milizen in Afrin. Zwar ist die Türkei mit Russland und dem Iran in Syrien verbündet, aber es gibt durchaus gegensätzliche Interessen, die schnell in einen Konflikt führen können. Im letzten Jahr war das noch anders. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Dass man in der Türkei nicht nur seine Karriere ausklingen sondern auch kickstarten kann, hat beispielsweise Leipzigs Bruma bewiesen. Telepolis Politik Erdogan will die Türkei zu Beste Spielothek in Uetze finden Joker quote
machen. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Offen bleibt auch, wie die Fußball ergebnis deutschland italien
als Nato-Mitglied in enger Verbindung zu Russland steht, von dem auch die avancierten Luftabwehrsysteme S erworben werden. United, City und Co. September um Infolge eines von der griechischen Militärdiktatur unterstützten Basketballer nba
aus Zypern mit dem Ziel des Anschlusses der Insel an Griechenlandmarschierte die Türkei am In anderen Projekten Commons. Auch in diesem Jahr scheint das Portemonnaie der Katalanen wieder locker zu sitzen. Juli im Norden der Insel ein. Die EU und die Türkei sind durch eine Zollunion verbunden, Beste Spielothek in Gilzem finden
am Infolge eines von der griechischen Militärdiktatur unterstützten Putsches aus Zypern mit dem Ziel des Anschlusses der Insel an Griechenlandmarschierte die Türkei am Dezember in Kraft trat.
Turkish president says Riyadh has many questions to answer over the assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi. Middle East 03 Nov Turkish ship Fatih begins the first oil and gas exploration exercise around km off the Mediterranean coastline.
Turkish president says Saudi Arabia still has many questions to answer regarding the killing of writer Jamal Khashoggi.
Jamal Khashoggi 02 Nov Investigations into the death of Jamal Khashoggi have exposed a series of lies and grisly details, but important questions still remain, including the location of his body and who ordered his murder.
Turkey 02 Nov Information on the remains of the year-old Saudi journalist are still unknown as joint Saudi-Turkey probe drags on.
Assassination of Saudi journalist inside the kingdom's Istanbul consulate has drawn global ire, intense media scrutiny. Middle East Traces of acid, chemicals found at Saudi consul general's home Sources at Turkish attorney general's office told Al Jazeera samples of acid were found at Saudi envoy's Istanbul home.
Jamal Khashoggi Traces of acid, chemicals found at Saudi consul general's home. Jamal Khashoggi Jamal Khashoggi case: All the latest updates. Inside Story How much is Turkey prepared to reveal on Khashoggi's murder?
I believe I will develop them. I will live in a different country, in a different country. I do not believe that I will win the experience of living in a different country in another way.
Thats why, really I wanted to work as an au pair. I am a person with a sense of responsibility. I am one who likes to always willing to open to learning research.
I'm hot blooded communicate well. I entered I adapt quickly to the environment I have encountered many problems in the work I always to be solution-oriented, I learned positive thinking I kept my inner energy, and internal discipline is always high.
I just want to make a really nice bond with my host family. I'd like to have nice conversations, collect good memories. I want to be useful to your children.
I believe we can learn a lot from each other. I have 2 experience with children at Romania and Turkey. I am volunteer in Romania my project will last for 6 month.
I came here with Erasmus Plus Programme. The other name is 'European Voluntary Service'. My project is about children's rights and disadvantaged children.
My project has 3 main topics. For example; we are teach our own culture and teach dance we're painting together. We grow plants together.
Turkish government companies for research and development in military technologies include Turkish Aerospace Industries , Aselsan , Havelsan , Roketsan , MKE , among others.
It consists of the construction of a spaceport , the development of satellite launch vehicles as well as the establishment of remote earth stations.
Göktürk-1 and Göktürk-2 are Turkey's earth observation satellites for reconnaissance , operated by the Ministry of National Defence.
According to the estimate, the population is increasing by 1. People within the 15—64 age group constitute Article 66 of the Turkish Constitution defines a "Turk" as "anyone who is bound to the Turkish state through the bond of citizenship"; therefore, the legal use of the term "Turkish" as a citizen of Turkey is different from the ethnic definition.
Kurds are the largest non-Turkic ethnicity, around 18—25 percent of the population. Minority groups other than the three religious minorities recognized in the Treaty of Lausanne Armenians , Greeks and Jews do not have any official rights, and the use of minority languages is restricted.
The official language is Turkish , which is the most widely spoken Turkic language in the world. Religion in Turkey . Turkey is a secular state with no official state religion ; the Turkish Constitution provides for freedom of religion and conscience.
The role of religion in public life has been a controversial debate over the years since the formation of Islamist parties.
However, the ban was lifted from universities in , from government buildings in ,  from schools in ,  and from the Armed Forces in There are no official statistics of people's religious beliefs nor is it asked in the census.
According to the government, There are also some Sufi Muslims. Christianity has a long history in present-day Turkey, which is the birthplace of numerous Christian Apostles and Saints , such as Paul of Tarsus , Timothy , Nicholas of Myra , Polycarp of Smyrna and many others.
Saint Peter founded one of the first churches in Antioch Antakya , the location of which is regarded by tradition as the spot where he first preached the Gospel , and where the followers of Jesus were called Christians for the first time in history.
The house where Virgin Mary lived the final days of her life until her Assumption according to Catholic doctrine or Dormition according to Orthodox belief ,   and the tomb of John the Apostle who accompanied her during the voyage to Anatolia after the crucifixion of Jesus , are in Ephesus.
The cave churches in Cappadocia were among the hiding places of early Christians during the Roman persecutions against them.
The percentage of Christians in Turkey fell from Today there are more than , people of different Christian denominations , representing less than 0.
The Sephardi Jews who were expelled from the Iberian peninsula and southern Italy under the control of the Spanish Empire were welcomed into the Ottoman Empire between the lateth and midth centuries.
Despite emigration during the 20th century , modern-day Turkey continues to have a small Jewish population. Recent polls suggest that 4. The Ministry of National Education is responsible for pre-tertiary education.
As of , there are universities in Turkey. In , the quota of admitted students was ,, compared to 1,, who took the higher education exam in In the theory of evolution was removed from the national curriculum in favour of teaching on the concept of jihad.
Health care in Turkey used to be dominated by a centralised state system run by the Ministry of Health. In , the government introduced a sweeping health reform programme aimed at increasing the ratio of private to state health provision and making healthcare available to a larger share of the population.
Turkish Statistical Institute announced that In , life expectancy was Turkey has a very diverse culture that is a blend of various elements of the Turkic , Anatolian , Ottoman which was itself a continuation of both Greco-Roman and Islamic cultures and Western culture and traditions, which started with the Westernisation of the Ottoman Empire and still continues today.
This mix originally began as a result of the encounter of Turks and their culture with those of the peoples who were in their path during their migration from Central Asia to the West.
Turkish painting , in the Western sense, developed actively starting from the mid 19th century. The very first painting lessons were scheduled at what is now the Istanbul Technical University then the Imperial Military Engineering School in , mostly for technical purposes.
Impressionism, among the contemporary trends, appeared later on with Halil Pasha. The young Turkish artists sent to Europe in came back inspired by contemporary trends such as Fauvism, Cubism and even Expressionism, still very influential in Europe.
Carpet weaving represents a traditional art, dating back to pre-Islamic times. During its long history, the art and craft of the woven carpet has integrated different cultural traditions.
Traces of Byzantine design can be detected, Turkic peoples migrating from Central Asia, as well as Armenian people, Caucasian and Kurdic tribes either living in, or migrating to Anatolia, brought with them their traditional designs.
The arrival of Islam and the development of the Islamic art also influenced Turkish carpet design. The history of its designs, motifs and ornaments thus reflects the political and ethnic history and diversity of the area of Asia minor.
However, scientific attempts were unsuccessful, as yet, to attribute a particular design to a specific ethnic, regional, or even nomadic versus village tradition.
Turkish miniature is an art form, which can be linked to the Persian miniature tradition, as well as strong Chinese artistic influences.
The words taswir or nakish were used to define the art of miniature painting in Ottoman Turkish. The studios the artists worked in were called Nakkashanes.
The head painter, and much more often the scribe of the text, were indeed named and depicted in some of the manuscripts. The understanding of perspective was different from that of the nearby European Renaissance painting tradition, and the scene depicted often included different time periods and spaces in one picture.
They followed closely the context of the book they were included in, resembling more illustrations rather than standalone works of art.
Several recipes in the text are accredited to this master. Another famous 18th-century master by the name of Hatip Mehmed Efendi died is accredited with developing motifs and perhaps early floral designs, although evidence from India appears to contradict some of these claims.
Despite this, marbled motifs are commonly referred to as "Hatip" designs in Turkey today. Turkish literature is a mix of cultural influences.
Interaction between the Ottoman Empire and the Islamic world along with Europe contributed to a blend of Turkic, Islamic and European traditions in modern-day Turkish music and literary arts.
The Tanzimat reforms introduced previously unknown Western genres, primarily the novel and the short story.
Many of the writers in the Tanzimat period wrote in several genres simultaneously: Most of the roots of modern Turkish literature were formed between the years and Broadly, there were three primary literary movements during this period: The mix of cultural influences in Turkey is dramatised, for example, in the form of the "new symbols of the clash and interlacing of cultures" enacted in the novels of Orhan Pamuk , recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
The origin of Turkish theatre dates back thousands of years to ancient pagan rituals. The dances, music and songs performed during the rituals of the inhabitants of Anatolia millennia ago are the elements from which the first shows originated.
These rituals later became theatrical shows. In the 10th century, a blend of traditions occurred between the Seljuk Turks and those of the inhabitants of Anatolia.
The interaction between the various tribal societies paved the way for new plays. After the Tanzimat Reformation period in the 19th century, characters in Turkish theatre were modernized and plays were performed on European-style stages with the actors wearing European costumes.
Following the restoration of constitutional monarchy with the Young Turk Revolution in , theatrical activities increased and social problems began to be reflected in the theatre as well as in historical plays.
A theatrical conservatoire, Darülbedayi-i Osmani, was established in Istanbul in During the years of chaos and war, the Darülbedayi-i Osmani continued its activities and attracted the younger generation.
Some wrote on romantic subjects, others were interested in social problems and still others dealt with nationalistic themes. There were even those who wrote musicals.
Today, theatre acts are performed by numerous private theatre companies and subsidized companies such as the Turkish State Theatres.
Music of Turkey includes mainly Turkic elements as well as partial influences ranging from Central Asian folk music , Arabic music , Greek music , Ottoman music , Persian music and Balkan music , as well as references to more modern European and American popular music.
The roots of traditional music in Turkey span across centuries to a time when the Seljuk Turks migrated to Anatolia and Persia in the 11th century and contains elements of both Turkic and pre-Turkic influences.
Much of its modern popular music can trace its roots to the emergence in the early s drive for Westernization. With the assimilation of immigrants from various regions the diversity of musical genres and musical instrumentation also expanded.
Turkey has also seen documented folk music and recorded popular music produced in the ethnic styles of Greek , Armenian , Albanian , Polish and Jewish communities, among others.
Many Turkish cities and towns have vibrant local music scenes which, in turn, support a number of regional musical styles. Despite this however, western-style music styles like pop music and kanto lost popularity to arabesque in the late 70s and 80s.
It became popular again by the beginning of the s, as a result of an opening economy and society. With the support of Sezen Aksu , the resurging popularity of pop music gave rise to several international Turkish pop stars such as Tarkan and Sertab Erener.
The late s also saw an emergence of underground music producing alternative Turkish rock , electronica , hip-hop , rap and dance music in opposition to the mainstream corporate pop and arabesque genres, which many believe have become too commercial.
Turkey has a diverse folkloric dance culture. The architecture of the Seljuk Turks combined the elements and characteristics of the Turkic architecture of Central Asia with those of Persian , Arab , Armenian and Byzantine architecture.
The transition from Seljuk architecture to Ottoman architecture is most visible in Bursa , which was the capital of the Ottoman State between and Following the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople Istanbul in , Ottoman architecture was significantly influenced by Byzantine architecture.
He was the chief architect of at least buildings which were constructed in various provinces of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. Turkish cuisine is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine.
In the early years of the Republic, a few studies were published about regional Anatolian dishes but cuisine did not feature heavily in Turkish folkloric studies until the s, when the fledgling tourism industry encouraged the Turkish state to sponsor two food symposia.
The papers submitted at the symposia presented the history of Turkish cuisine on a "historical continuum" that dated back to Turkic origins in Central Asia and continued through the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
Many of the papers presented at these first two symposia were unreferenced. Prior to the symposia, the study of Turkish culinary culture was first popularized by the publication of Süheyl Ünver's Fifty Dishes in Turkish History in This book was based on recipes found in an 18th century Ottoman manuscript.
His second book was about palace cuisine during the reign of Mehmet II. Following the publication of Ünver's book subsequent studies were published, including a study by a historian named Bahaettin Ögel about the Central Asian origins of Turkish cuisine.
Turkish cuisine was well established by the mids, the beginning of the Ottoman Empire 's six hundred-year reign.
Yogurt salads, fish in olive oil , sherbet and stuffed and wrapped vegetables became Turkish staples. The empire, eventually spanning from Austria to northern Africa , used its land and water routes to import exotic ingredients from all over the world.
By the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman court housed over 1, live-in cooks and passed laws regulating the freshness of food.
Since the fall of the empire in World War I — and the establishment of the Turkish Republic in , foreign food such as French hollandaise sauce and western fast food have made their way into the modern Turkish diet.
The most popular sport in Turkey is association football soccer. Other mainstream sports such as basketball and volleyball are also popular.
The basketballing team is one of the most successful in the Mediterranean Games. Another Turkish basketball club, Anadolu Efes S. Along with the men's team the women's team is one of the most successful in the Mediterranean Games.
The women's national volleyball team won the gold medal at the European Games , the silver medal at the European Championship , the bronze medal at the European Championship , and the bronze medal at the FIVB World Grand Prix.
They also won multiple medals over multiple decades at the Mediterranean Games. Hundreds of television channels, thousands of local and national radio stations, several dozen newspapers, a productive and profitable national cinema and a rapid growth of broadband Internet use all make up a very vibrant media industry in Turkey.
Of those licensed, 16 television and 36 radio stations reached national audiences. The broadcast media have a very high penetration as satellite dishes and cable systems are widely available.
Turkish television dramas are increasingly becoming popular beyond Turkey's borders and are among the country's most vital exports, both in terms of profit and public relations.
The first narrative film, Sedat Simavi 's The Spy , was released in Turkey's first sound film was shown in Despite legal provisions, media freedom in Turkey has steadily deteriorated from onwards, with a precipitous decline following the attempted coup in July Ranking 1st in the world, all of them facing anti-state charges, in the wake of an unprecedented crackdown that has included the shuttering of more than news outlets.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For the bird, see Turkey bird. For other uses, see Turkey disambiguation.
Country spanning Southeastern Europe and Western Asia. For the newspaper, see Türkiye newspaper. Turkish Kurmanji Arabic Zaza Kabardian various others.
Turks Kurds Arabs Laz various others. History of Anatolia and History of Thrace. Prehistory of Anatolia and Prehistory of Southeastern Europe. Ancient Anatolians , Ancient kingdoms of Anatolia , and Thracians.
The gymnasium of Sardis , capital of ancient Lydia c. Classical Anatolia and Hellenistic period. Designed by Greek architect Zeno, a native of the city, the Aspendos amphitheatre was built during the Roman period in — CE.
Mount Nemrut , sometimes called the masoleum of Antiochus I Theos of Commagene , is notable for its summit where a number of large statues are erected around what is assumed to be a royal tomb from the 1st century BC.
Early Christianity and Byzantine Anatolia. Successors of the Byzantine Empire and States in late medieval Anatolia. Seljuk dynasty and Ottoman dynasty.
History of the Republic of Turkey. Administrative divisions of Turkey. Human rights in Turkey. Judicial system of Turkey and Law enforcement in Turkey.
Foreign relations of Turkey. Defense industry of Turkey. Flora and vegetation of Turkey and Wildlife of Turkey. Environmental issues in Turkey.
Turkish currency and debt crisis, Beko and Vestel are among the largest producers of consumer electronics and home appliances in Europe. Economic history of Turkey.
Science and technology in Turkey. Turkish people , Minorities in Turkey , and Turkification. List of high schools in Turkey and List of universities in Turkey.
Health care in Turkey. List of hospitals in Turkey. Arts in Turkey , Turkish folklore , and Festivals in Turkey. Turkish literature and Theatre of Turkey.
Turkish dance and Music of Turkey. Turkish classical music , Turkish folk music , and Turkish music style. Turkish folk dancers at the annual Chicago Turkish Festival .
Byzantine architecture , Seljuk architecture , and Ottoman architecture. The Grand Post Office — in Istanbul and the first Ziraat Bank headquarters — in Ankara are among the examples of Turkish Neoclassical architecture in the early 20th century.
Döner kebab being sliced. An layer dough baklava. Media in Turkey and Cinema of Turkey. Turkey portal Mediterranean portal.
We will never accept the accusations of genocide". Furthermore, anyone who was not officially registered as Christian or Jewish by the time of the foundation of the republic, was automatically recorded as Muslim, and this label has been passed down to new generations.
Therefore, the official number of Muslims also include people with no religion; converted from Islam to a different religion than Islam; and anyone who is of a different religion than their parents, but hasn't applied for a change of their individual records.
Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 29 April Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 29 September Retrieved 24 January Retrieved 21 February Retrieved 13 October The History of Turkey.
Steadman; Gregory McMahon 15 September The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia: Retrieved 23 March The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin.
Myers; Astrid Biles Beck Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Retrieved 24 March The origins of the Ottoman Empire.
The Arabs of the Ottoman Empire, — A Social and Cultural History. The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire. Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire: A Contribution to the History of the Balkans.
Univ of Hertfordshire Press. Turkey will 'never accept' genocide charges". Retrieved 7 February The Magnitude of Genocide. Journal of Genocide Research.
Helmreich in Slavic Review , Vol. Retrieved 29 October Eisenstadt, "The Kemalist Regime and Modernization: Some Comparative and Analytical Remarks," in J.
Westview Press, , 3— Turkish Secretariat of European Union Affairs. Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 30 October Retrieved 18 February B 4 November Bulletin of International News.
The New York Times. Retrieved 24 April Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed. Subscription or UK public library membership required.
Retrieved 12 June Archived from the original PDF on 5 May Retrieved 4 May Were Kurgan horsemen or Anatolian farmers responsible for creating and spreading the world's most far-flung language family?
Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 9 February Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 4 September An Anomaly in the Archaeology of Empire.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Archived from the original on 10 September Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 15 August A Wonder of the Ancient World".
Retrieved 2 February The Un-Greek Temple and Wonder". Retrieved 17 February Lewis; John Boardman The Cambridge Ancient History. Retrieved 7 April Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original on 14 December The Elements of Hittite.
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Retrieved 26 December The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Attila.
Retrieved 21 July Essays in Ottoman and Turkish History, — The Impact of the West. University of Texas Press. The Cambridge history of Islam Reprint.
The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire. Retrieved 4 June Retrieved 4 August